Thursday, 15 August 2013

The Story of Our Freedom- from Colonialisation to Independence

          A series of events were involved in the colonialisation of India, the struggle for freedom and ultimately, the Indian Independence. Let us cherish our freedom by glancing through these events:

AD 1492
Vasco-da-Gama discovered India
AD 1600
After overthrowing the portugese and Dutch, the British established the British East India company in Surat, Ahmedabad, Broach and Agra.
Battle of Plassey, between the English and Siraj-ud-Daulah, Nawab of Bengal.
22nd Oct 1764
Battle of Buxar, between the English and a trio of Mir qasim, Shah Alam and Shuja-ud-Daulah. The Nawabs were badly defeated.
Treaty of Allahabad
The Mysore wars against English
The Maratha wars against English
The first revolt for freedom: Great leaders like Rani Lakshmi Bhai, Tantya Tope and Kunwar Singh had sacrificed their life fighting for freedom.
Establishment of the Indian National Congress
7th Aug 1905
Lord Curzon partitioned Bengal. Indian leaders started the Swadeshi and Boycott movement to oppose the partition.
Establishment of All India Muslim League
To create a gulf between the Hindus and Muslims the British followed the divide an rule policy. For this purpose it passed the government of India act
The INC and Muslim league met and got united, to fight against the British. They signed the Lucknow Pact.
13th April 1919
Several innocent people were murdered recklessly in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Lahore session of congress launched the Civil Disobedience movement, demanding for complete independence.
26th January 1930
The day was observed as the first independence day by Congress all over India. This day is the present Republic day.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged
8th Aug 1942
The all India congress committee met at Bombay. It passed the famous quit India resolution.
Subhash Chandra Bose formed the Azad Hind Fauj (INA)
several acts and conferences
20th Feb 1947
Mr.Atlee declared that British would quit India by June 1947.
14th Aug 1947
Pakisthan Independence day
15th Aug 1947
This day is a great landmark in the History of India. India won freedom but lost its unity.

                         The freedom struggle wasn't a bigger version of today's strikes and protests. It was a mixture of fights, oaths, sacrifices and bloodshed of several hundred Indians. The freedom which we so obviously enjoy today, wasn't always so obvious for us Indians. It is a gift presented to us by our great leaders. We must utilise it productively.


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